Question: How Did Arthur Holmes Define Conventional Current Theory?

What did Arthur Holmes show in 1929?

continental drift theory In 1929 Holmes proposed an alternative mechanism—convection of the mantle—which remains today a serious candidate for the force driving the plates..

What is sea floor spreading?

Sea-floor spreading is what happens at the mid-oceanic ridge where a divergent boundary is causing two plates to move away from one another resulting in spreading of the sea floor. As the plates move apart, new material wells up and cools onto the edge of the plates.

What is tectonic theory?

The theory of plate tectonics states that the Earth’s solid outer crust, the lithosphere, is separated into plates that move over the asthenosphere, the molten upper portion of the mantle. Oceanic and continental plates come together, spread apart, and interact at boundaries all over the planet.

What was Arthur Holmes theory?

Holmes primary contribution was his proposed theory that convection occurred within the Earth’s mantle, which explained the push and pull of continent plates together and apart. He also assisted scientists in oceanographic research in the 1950s, which publicized the phenomenon known as sea floor spreading.

What is conventional current theory in geography?

Convection currents, that occur within the molten rock in the mantle, act like a conveyor belt for the plates. Tectonic plates move in different directions. The direction of movement and type of plate margin is determined by which way the convection currents are flowing.

Who introduced seafloor spreading?

Harry HessSea-floor spreading — In the early 1960s, Princeton geologist Harry Hess proposed the hypothesis of sea-floor spreading, in which basaltic magma from the mantle rises to create new ocean floor at mid-ocean ridges.

What is a conventional current?

Conventional current or simply current, behaves as if positive charge carriers cause current flow. Conventional current flows from the positive terminal to the negative. Perhaps the clearest way to think about this is to pretend as if movement of positive charge carriers constituted current flow.

What is convection and how does it work?

Convection occurs when particles with a lot of heat energy in a liquid or gas move and take the place of particles with less heat energy. Heat energy is transferred from hot places to cooler places by convection. Liquids and gases expand when they are heated. … Convection currents can be seen in lava lamps.

In which year was the concept of oceanic sea floor spreading?

The seafloor spreading hypothesis was proposed by the American geophysicist Harry H. Hess in 1960.

What is Convectional current theory?

According to this theory, the intense heat generated by radioactive substances in the mantle (100-2900 km below the earth surface) seeks a path to escape, • gives rise to the formation of convention currents in the mantle. • Wherever rising limbs of these currents meet, oceanic ridges are formed on the sea floor.

How did Arthur Holmes contribution to the theory of continental drift?

Arthur Holmes (1890-1965) was an English geologist who made two important contributions to the development of geological ideas: the use of radioactive isotopes for dating minerals and the suggestion that convection currents in the mantle play an important role in continental drift.

Who gave continental drift theory?

scientist Alfred WegenerThe theory of continental drift is most associated with the scientist Alfred Wegener. In the early 20th century, Wegener published a paper explaining his theory that the continental landmasses were “drifting” across the Earth, sometimes plowing through oceans and into each other.