Question: What Are The Two Types Of Osteoporosis?

Will osteoporosis shorten my life?

Despite reports that people with osteoporosis have an increased risk of dying prematurely, a new study has found that life expectancy of newly diagnosed and treated osteoporosis patients is in excess of 15 years in women below the age of 75 and in men below the age of 60..

What is primary and secondary osteoporosis?

Primary osteoporosis is bone loss that occurs during the normal human aging process. Secondary osteoporosis is defined as bone loss that results from specific, well-defined clinical disorders. Many times reversible, secondary causes of bone loss are not considered in a patient with low bone mineral density (BMD).

Which causes osteoporosis?

A lifelong lack of calcium plays a role in the development of osteoporosis. Low calcium intake contributes to diminished bone density, early bone loss and an increased risk of fractures. Eating disorders. Severely restricting food intake and being underweight weakens bone in both men and women.

Which type of osteoporosis occurs with age?

There are two main types of osteoporosis: primary and secondary. In cases of primary osteoporosis, either the condition is caused by age-related bone loss (sometimes called senile osteoporosis) or the cause is unknown (idiopathic osteoporosis).

What is the most common cause of secondary osteoporosis?

Glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis (GIO) is the most common form of secondary osteoporosis. Although endogenous hypercortisolism or Cushing’s syndrome can be associated with bone loss, most of the patients suffering from GIO receive glucocorticoids for the treatment of a variety of diseases.

What 3 bones are most affected by osteoporosis?

About 2 million fractures occur each year due to osteoporosis. Although all bones can be affected by the disease, the bones of the spine, hip, and wrist are most likely to break.

What are the different stages of osteoporosis?

The stages of OsteoporosisOsteoblasts vs Osteoclasts. Active Osteoblasts. … Peak bone density and the first stages of osteopenia and osteoporosis. … The second stage of osteopenia and osteoporosis. … The third stage of osteopenia and osteoporosis. … The fourth stage of osteopenia and osteoporosis.

What are the warning signs of osteoporosis?

What is Osteoporosis?Fragility-related fractures. These occur when even mild impact causes a fracture of the wrist, back, hip or other bones.Height loss. More than two inches in height can be lost over time.Receding gums. … A curved, stooped shape to the spine. … Lower back pain.

What medications increase risk of osteoporosis?

Medications that can Cause Bone Loss, Falls and/or FracturesSynthetic Glucocorticoids (e.g. prednisone) … Breast Cancer Drugs. … Prostate Cancer Drugs. … “Heartburn” Drugs. … Depo-Provera. … Excessive Thyroid Hormone Replacement. … Anti-seizure and Mood-altering Drugs. … Blood Pressure Medication.More items…

Can osteoporosis be cured?

There’s no cure for osteoporosis, but proper treatment can help protect and strengthen your bones. These treatments can help slow the breakdown of bone in your body, and some treatments can spur the growth of new bone.

What are the most common sites for osteoporosis?

The most common sites of osteoporotic fracture are the wrist, spine, shoulder and hip. No single cause for osteoporosis has been identified.

Does low vitamin D cause osteoporosis?

Deficiencies in vitamin D and calcium can cause soft, thin, brittle bones—a condition known as rickets in children and osteoporosis in adults. More than 40 million people have either osteoporosis or low bone mass, according to the National Institutes of Health (NIH).

Does walking help osteoporosis?

Weight-bearing Exercise for Osteoporosis Walking as little as three to five miles a week can help build your bone health. For general health, most experts recommend that everyone get at least half an hour of moderate to vigorous exercise five times a week.

What is the difference between Type 1 and Type 2 osteoporosis?

Secondary osteoporosis is characterized as having a clearly definable etiologic mechanism. Type I is associated with a loss of estrogen and androgen resulting in increased bone turnover, with bone resorption exceeding bone formation, and a predominant loss of trabecular bone compared with cortical bone.

How does osteoporosis affect the digestive system?

The unique aspects of gastrointestinal diseases associated with osteoporosis include early onset of disease (and, therefore, prolonged exposure to risk factors for developing osteoporosis, particularly with inflammatory bowel disease and celiac disease), malabsorption, and maldigestion of nutrients necessary for bone …

What foods are bad for osteoporosis?

Foods to limit or avoidHigh-salt foods. Excess salt consumption can cause your body to release calcium, which is harmful to your bones. … Alcohol. While a moderate amount of alcohol is considered safe for those with osteoporosis, excess alcohol can lead to bone loss. … Beans/legumes. … Wheat bran. … Excess vitamin A. … Caffeine.

What exercise is best for osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis Exercise for Strong BonesDancing.Doing high-impact aerobics.Hiking.Jogging/running.Jumping Rope.Stair climbing.Tennis.

Can osteoporosis affect teeth?

Skeletal bone density and dental concerns Several studies have found a link between the loss of alveolar bone and an increase in loose teeth (tooth mobility) and tooth loss. Women with osteoporosis are three times more likely to experience tooth loss than those who do not have the disease.