Quick Answer: What Organs Does Muscular Dystrophy Affect?

What organs does Duchenne muscular dystrophy affect?

In the early stages, DMD affects the shoulder and upper arm muscles and the muscles of the hips and thighs.

These weaknesses lead to difficulty in rising from the floor, climbing stairs, maintaining balance and raising the arms..

Is there pain with muscular dystrophy?

MMD patients may experience painful muscle cramping because of myotonia, which is delayed relaxation or sustained contraction of the muscle fibers.

Does muscular dystrophy run in families?

Muscular dystrophy can run in families, or a person can be the first in their family to have a muscular dystrophy. There may be several different genetic types within each kind of muscular dystrophy, and people with the same kind of muscular dystrophy may experience different symptoms.

What race is muscular dystrophy most common in?

It appears that DMD is significantly more common in white males than in males of other races.

Can muscular dystrophy be cured?

Although there’s no cure for any form of muscular dystrophy, treatment for some forms of the disease can help extend the time a person with the disease can remain mobile and help with heart and lung muscle strength. Trials of new therapies are ongoing.

What body systems are affected by muscular dystrophy?

The disease causes muscle weakness and also affects the central nervous system, heart, gastrointestinal tract, eyes, and hormone-producing glands. In most cases, daily living isn’t restricted for many years. Those with myotonic MD have a decreased life expectancy.

Does cold weather affect muscular dystrophy?

Winter weather should not directly affect muscular dystrophies. However, the limitations imposed by muscle weakness of any origin are magnified during the conditions of winter weather including the cold. These problems will resolve once these conditions change as do the seasons.

How long do people with muscular dystrophy live?

Until recently, children with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) did not often live beyond their teens. However, improvements in cardiac and respiratory care mean that life expectancy is increasing, with many DMD patients reaching their 30s, and some living into their 40s and 50s.

Can females get muscular dystrophy?

Duchenne muscular dystrophy usually affects males. However, females are also affected in rare instances. Approximately 8% of female Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) carriers are manifesting carriers and have muscle weakness to some extent.

What population does muscular dystrophy affect?

Duchenne muscular dystrophy is an X linked disorder affecting approximately 1 in 3500 male live births. The incidence remains stable in most populations, maintained by a high rate of new mutations in the dystrophin gene.

At what age is muscular dystrophy diagnosed?

Muscular dystrophy is usually diagnosed in children between 3 and 6 years of age. Early signs of the illness include a delay in walking, difficulty rising from a sitting or lying position, and frequent falling, with weakness typically affecting the shoulder and pelvic muscle as one of the initial symptoms.

How do muscular dystrophy patients die?

The most common cause of death is heart failure from cardiomyopathy. Some patients are found to have the genetic abnormalities of the dystrophin gene, but, clinically, have symptoms between those of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) or Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD).

Can muscular dystrophy happen later in life?

It can affect anyone from teenagers to adults in their 40s. Distal muscular dystrophy affects the muscles of the arms, legs, hands, and feet. It usually comes on later in life, between ages 40 and 60. Oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy starts in a person’s 40s or 50s.

Is exercise good for muscular dystrophy?

There are different types of muscular dystrophy and the severity of the condition can vary greatly from one patient to another. There are many MD patients who cannot partake in physical exercise, but for others, engaging in an exercise routine can help improve muscle tone and increase overall fitness and health.

What is the best treatment for muscular dystrophy?

Muscular Dystrophy: Management and TreatmentPhysical and occupational therapies strengthen and stretch muscles. … Speech therapy helps those who have problems swallowing.Corticosteroids, such as prednisone and deflazacort, may slow disease progression.Surgery relieves tension on contracted muscles and corrects spine curvature (scoliosis).More items…•