Why Is Bicultural ECE Practice Important?

What are the 3 principles of the Treaty of Waitangi?

The three “P’s”, as they are often referred to, are the principles of partnership, participation and protection.

These underpin the relationship between the Government and Māori under the Treaty of Waitangi.

These principles are derived from the underlying tenets of the Treaty..

What is the purpose of Te whāriki?

Te Whāriki is the national curriculum document for early childhood education (ECE), to be used with all children from birth to school entry. It sets out a framework of principles, strands, goals and learning outcomes that each setting will use as the basis for a ‘local’ curriculum.

What are the disadvantages of being bicultural?

There are also some disadvantages to being bicultural. I feel that sometimes we are being forced to conform to the rest of society in order to be accepted by that society. For example when my family throws a party we party late, we love to dance, eat, talk, and have the best time we could possibly have.

What does te reo me ona tikanga mean?

Tikanga are Māori cultural practices. The phrase “te reo me ōna tikanga” means “the language and its cultural practices” and reflects the intrinsic link between the Māori language and culture.

What is te ao Māori?

The Māori world view (te ao Māori) acknowledges the interconnectedness and interrelationship of all living & non-living things. The Māori world view (te ao Māori) acknowledges the interconnectedness and interrelationship of all living and non-living things.

What is bicultural practice?

Bicultural individuals identify with core elements of their culture of origin as well as the dominant culture. Bicultural individuals successfully integrate into and participate in important aspects of both cultures, values, and belief systems.

Why is Te Reo important in early childhood?

Teaching and learning te reo Māori is important because it relates to the bicultural framing of Te Whāriki and the vision that all children will grow up strong in their identity, language and culture. … “We want our children to know that it’s really important for them to know about their heritage.”

Why is the Treaty of Waitangi so important?

Why the Treaty is important The Treaty governs the relationship between Māori – the tangata whenua (indigenous people) – and everyone else, and ensures the rights of both Māori and Pakeha (non-Māori) are protected.

What is a bicultural family?

Abstract. Most children who have parents with different backgrounds grow up in a household with two cultures. Households can be bicultural based on race, ethnicity, religion, or nationality. These are cultural markers that define individuals’ sense of self and how they see ourselves vis‐à‐vis the other.

Why is biculturalism important in ECE?

Educators can facilitate learning “by supporting deeper development of their student’s ideas and growing sense of self as competent and unique bicultural teachers” (Wanerman, 2013, p. 3). Gibbs (2006) refers to this as “teaching in ways that honour cultural diversity” (p. 181).

What does bicultural mean?

: of, relating to, or including two distinct cultures bicultural education.

What are the 4 types of acculturation?

model in order to analyze your own acculturation experience. John Berry’s (1994; 2001) model includes four types of acculturation strategies: Integration, Assimilation, Separation, and Marginalization.

What does bicultural identity mean?

Berry [3] defined bicultural identity as the successful understanding and incorporation of two cultures contained by a person’s self and consciousness; the individual is able to function appropriately and effectively in a multicultural context.

Why is the Treaty of Waitangi important in early childhood education?

Te Whāriki emphasises that all children be provided with opportunities to develop a knowledge and understanding of the heritages of both partners of the treaty (Ministry of Education, 1996). This makes it paramount for me, as a teacher, to provide a bicultural learning environment for children.

What are the advantages of being bicultural?

It has long been known that there are many advantages to being bicultural such as having a greater number of social networks, being aware of cultural differences, taking part in the life of two or more cultures, being an intermediary between cultures, and so on.

What are tikanga practices?

Generally speaking, tikanga are Māori customary practices or behaviours. The concept is derived from the Māori word ‘tika’ which means ‘right’ or ‘correct’ so, in Māori terms, to act in accordance with tikanga is to behave in a way that is culturally proper or appropriate.

What does bicultural mean in New Zealand?

In New Zealand the term bicultural refers to Māori and non-Māori. The Treaty of Waitangi put in place a partnership between Māori and the British Crown. As Treaty partners, Māori should have equal rights, protection and status. …

What is bicultural socialization?

Bicultural Socialization. Process whereby members of non-majority groups master both the dominant culture and their own culture. Bicultural Conflict. Occurs with people who are Bicultural and occurs when the values & behaviors of the culture of origin are different from those of the dominant culture.